Bleeding Gums & Periodontal Disease
Gingivitis, also generally called gum disease or periodontal disease, begins with bacterial growth in your mouth and may end -- if not properly treated -- with tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
Gum disease may progress painlessly, producing few obvious signs, even in the late stages of the disease. Although the symptoms of periodontal disease often are subtle, the condition is not entirely without warning signs. Certain symptoms may point to some form of the disease. The symptoms of gum disease include:
- Gums that bleed during and after tooth brushing
- Red, swollen, or tender gums
- Persistent bad breath or bad taste in the mouth
- Receding gums
- Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums
- Loose or shifting teeth
- Changes in the way teeth fit together upon biting down, or in the fit of partial dentures.
While these are the more common symptoms of gum disease, the list of symptoms is exhaustive. If you believe you are at risk for gum disease, reach out to Dr. Moore’s team to schedule an appointment. The longer you leave it untreated, the likelier the pain will turn into periodontitis, permanent gum disease.
Difference Between Gingivitis and Periodontitis
Gingivitis (gum inflammation) usually precedes periodontitis (gum disease). However, it is important to know that not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis. In the early stage of gingivitis, the bacteria in plaque builds up, causing the gums to become inflamed and to easily bleed during tooth brushing. Although the gums may be irritated, the teeth are still firmly planted in their sockets. No irreversible bone or other tissue damage has occurred at this stage.
When gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance to periodontitis. In a person with periodontitis, the inner layer of the gum and bone pull away from the teeth and form pockets. These small spaces between teeth and gums collect debris and can become infected. The body's immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line.
Toxins or poisons -- produced by the bacteria in plaque as well as the body's "good" enzymes involved in fighting infections -- start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. When this happens, teeth are no longer anchored in place, they become loose, and tooth loss occurs. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.
Avoiding Gum Disease in Memphis
The most efficient way to avoid gum disease is visiting the dental office routinely. By maintaining a consistent oral examination schedule, you minimize the risk of getting any gum disease. Why? Dr. Moore and his team check for any signs of gum disease every time you visit the dentist.
We watch out for you. We care. And, we want you to have healthy gums. If you are concerned about the health of your gums, schedule an appointment with the team.
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